Négritude, its Longevity, and the Resistance of Cultural Manichaeism

When Aimé Césaire (1913-2008) wrote ‘Cahier d’un Retour au pays Natal’[1], (Notebook of a Return to my Native Land), coining the term “Négritude” he started a movement, founding the journal ‘L’Étudiant Noir’ along with Lépold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001), and Léon Damas in 1934. Négritude was the movement of black consciousness, in a political and cultural statement. Négritude was the reclaiming of black culture and history; wherever in the world the black diaspora was situated, these individuals had a unifying identity under the particular notion of African ancestry.