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What Happened To the PKK?

Who are the PKK? The Kurdistan Worker’s Party, better known as PKK are a militant political organization based in Turkish and Iraqi ‘Kurdistan’. But they did not start this way. They were founded in 1978 by a number of Kurdish and Turkish students, led by Abdullah Öcalan. Their ideology has its roots in revolutionary socialism […]

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Queerhood VS Nationhood: the exclusion of LGBTQI+ community from Poland’s national identity

Written by: Szymon Jezewski and Ewa Bialoglowska /Edited by: Saskia Alais Every 11th of November, thousands of Poles march through the streets of Warsaw in celebration of Polish Independence Day. The march has a long-standing reputation for attracting Neo-Fascist and Far Right groups from all over Europe. This year, in addition to the usual chants […]

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“Don’t Sell the Country”: Cultural Import-Substitution in the Post-Colonial Era

Written by: Thomas Sørensen & Manfredi Pozzoli Identity is an essential part of the interactions between humans in society and between different societies. The breakdown of local communities and the attempts by colonial powers to generate wholly new subjugated identities for their colonial subjects left many post-colonial states divided and with identity-building as a core […]

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The Twenty-Two Yards Which United and Divided the Nation

Written by: Femi Ivan /Edited by: Saskia Alais 273 million This was the number of people from all over the globe who in 2019 watched the Cricket World Cup match played between India and Pakistan. Matches between these two teams have always attracted huge audiences and carries symbolic importance to both the countries. Importantly, the […]

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Photo Essay

Words in Stone, Concrete and Stone Again: Building a Turkish National Self

Published anonymously /Edited by: Sanjna Menon It is difficult not to stand in front of a monumental building, be it the Pantheon in Rome built 2000 years ago, or the Anit-Kabir in Ankara built a mere 80 years ago, and not feel you are in the presence of something bigger.  Hitler described architecture as “words […]

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The War on Women: How Modern Polish Nationalism Relies on the Restriction of Reproductive Rights

Written by: Paulina Rabiega /Edited by: Jake Dickson There seems to be a distinct association between being nationalist (and oftentimes conservative-leaning) and being vehemently anti-choice. That is true across the globe and has become extremely visible during the events taking place in Poland in recent months. For this reason, this article will attempt to provide […]

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The Paradox of Sicilian Identity

Written by: Lila Ovington & Emanuela Lipari /Edited by: Sanjna Menon What is the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of Sicily? The mafia jokes? Probably almost naturalized in any Sicilian’s passport. Or could it be the lemon trees and vast vineyards? The sunsets? Those that have inspired the German poet Goethe. No […]

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Thaification: from ethnicity to nationality

Written by: Marcus Tao Mox Lim/ Edited by: Manfredi Pozzoli “We shall squeeze you empty and then we shall fill you with ourselves” Perhaps one of the many gut-wrenching sentences from George Orwell’s dystopian masterpiece, 1984. Hidden behind the Orwellian personifications of enforced state dogmatism highlights the unending quest for states to mould monolithic identities, […]

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Brazil’s Amazon: A Burning Battleground

Written by: Tanya Paul & Paula Arrus Maggi/ Edited by: Ewa Bialoglowska The Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s election in 2018 revived a fading Brazilian identity; one built on hypermasculine ideals and an intense focus on religion and the military. Shifting away from the progressive, liberal identity promoted by his predecessors, his presidency constructed an essentialist […]